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branchial clefts

Thursday 25 March 2004

Pathology

Many developmental anomalies of the branchial apparatus have been identified: cysts, fistulas, sinuses, ectopic glands, and malformations of head and neck structures.

- branchial cleft remnants

  • branchial fistula
  • branchial external sinus
  • branchial internal sinus
  • branchial cleft cysts

- ectopic glands
- malformations of head and neck structures