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pericardial effusion

Monday 11 July 2016

Etiology

- infectious diseases

  • viral diseases
  • bacterial diseases and mycobacterial diseases (tuberculosis )

- iatrogeny

  • Cardiac surgery
  • Radiation therapy

- dysimmune diseases (immune-mediated)

  • systemic lupus
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Scleroderma

- tumoral diseases (malignancy )

- endocrine diseases

  • hypothyroidism

- metabolic diseases

- drug-induced

  • minoxidil, penicillins, methysergide

- heart failure , liver failure , renal failure

- coronary perforation
- Dressler syndrome
- hemorrhage (aortic dissection, trauma, free wall rupture)
- right ventricular perforation
- pericardial infarction
- chylopericardium

- idiopathic pericardial effusion

See also

- serous effusion

- effusion
- edema