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mitral valve

Monday 28 November 2005

- The mitral valve is one of four cardiac valves. It is located between the left atrium of the heart, which receives fresh, oxygenated blood from the lungs, and the left ventricle, which pumps the blood out to the body.

- The mitral valve receives its name due to its shape, which resemble a bishop’s miter with two peaks.

- The mitral valve has two flaps or mitral leaflets. They are shaped somewhat like a parachute and are attached to supporting muscle by strings. Normally, by opening and closing, the blood is allowed to flow in only one direction — from the left atrium to the left ventricle.

Lesions

- mitral endocarditis
- mitral prolapse

See also

- heart

  • cardiac valves