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Sunday 13 November 2005

- Truth is the recognition of reality; reason, man’s only means of knowledge, is his only standard of truth.

- Truth is the identification of a fact of reality. Wheter the fact in question is metaphysical or man-made, the fact determines the truth: if the fact exists, there is no alternative in regard to what is true. For instance, the fact that the U.S. has 50 states was not metaphysically necessary — but as long as this is men’s choice, the propostion that "The U.S. has 50 states" is necessarily true. A true proposition must describe the facts as they are. In this sense, a "necessary truth" is a redundancy, and a "contingent truth" a self-contradiction.


- facts