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Monday 3 October 2005


- Although approximately 40% of the samples have haplotypes of unequivocal European origin. (#11295824#)

- An equivalent number of samples have a single binary haplotype that is also observed in Indonesia and New Guinea, indicative of common indigenous Melanesian ancestry. (#11295824#)

- The balance of the lineages has either typical East Asian signatures or alternative compositions consistent with their affinity to Melanesia or New Guinea. (#11295824#)

- Molecular analysis of mtDNA variation confirms the presence of a single predominant characteristic Southeast Asian (9-bp deletion in the Region V) lineage. (#11295824#)

- The Y-chromosome results support a pattern of complex interrelationships between Southeast Asia, Melanesia, and Polynesia, in contrast to mtDNA and linguistic data, which uphold a rapid and homogeneous Austronesian expansion. (#11295824#)

- The Y-chromosome data highlight a distinctive gender-modulated pattern of differential gene flow in the history of Polynesia. (#11295824#)

See also

- binary genetic markers
- non-recombining portion of the Y chromosome (NRY)
- New Zealand Maori
- maximum parsimony phylogeny
- binary haplotypes


- Underhill PA, Passarino G, Lin AA, Marzuki S, Oefner PJ, Cavalli-Sforza LL, Chambers GK. Maori origins, Y-chromosome haplotypes and implications for human history in the Pacific. Hum Mutat. 2001 Apr;17(4):271-80. PMID: #11295824#