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Turkey - Anatolia

Friday 30 September 2005

See also

- biallelic polymorphisms
- Y-chromosome
- haplotypes
- haplogroups
- short tandem repeat (STR) loci


- The major components (haplogroups yE3b, yG, yJ, yI, yL, yN, yK2, and yR1; 94.1%) are shared with European and neighboring Near Eastern populations and contrast with only a minor share of haplogroups related to Central Asian (yC, yQ and yO; 3.4%), Indian (yH, yR2; 1.5%) and African (yA, yE3*, yE3a; 1%) affinity. (14586639)

- The most frequent haplogroup, yJ, splits into two sub-clades, one of which (yJ2) shows decreasing variances with increasing latitude, compatible with a northward expansion. (14586639)

- Haplogroups yG1 and yL show affinities with south Caucasus populations in their geographic distribution as well as STR motifs. (14586639)

- Frequency of haplogroup yI, which originated in Europe, declines with increasing longitude, indicating gene flow arriving from Europe. (14586639)

- Conversely, haplogroup yG2 radiates towards Europe. (14586639)

- Haplogroup yE3b3 displays a latitudinal correlation with decreasing frequency northward. (14586639)

- Haplogroup yR1b3 emanates from Turkey towards Southeast Europe and Caucasia.

- High resolution SNP analysis provides evidence of a detectable yet weak signal (@<@9%) of recent paternal gene flow from Central Asia. (14586639)

- The variety of Turkish haplotypes is witness to Turkey being both an important source and recipient of gene flow. (14586639)


- Cinnioglu C, King R, Kivisild T, Kalfoglu E, Atasoy S, Cavalleri GL, Lillie AS, Roseman CC, Lin AA, Prince K, Oefner PJ, Shen P, Semino O, Cavalli-Sforza LL, Underhill PA. Excavating Y-chromosome haplotype strata in Anatolia. Hum Genet. 2004 Jan;114(2):127-48. PMID: 14586639

- Comas D, Calafell F, Mateu E, Perez-Lezaun A, Bertranpetit J. Geographic variation in human mitochondrial DNA control region sequence: the population history of Turkey and its relationship to the European populations. Mol Biol Evol. 1996 Oct;13(8):1067-77. PMID: 8865661