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aplastic anemia

Tuesday 13 September 2005

Etiology

- hereditary aplastic anemia

- acquired aplastic anemia

  • idiopathic (65%)
  • chemicals (benzene, insecticides, solvents)
  • drugs: chloramphenicol, phenylbutazone, anticonvulsants, gold
  • radiation exposure
  • immune-mediated hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia (HAAA)
  • viruses
    • non-A non-B hepatitis
    • Epstein-Barr virus
  • autoimmune disorders
    • rheumatoid arthritis
    • systemic lupus erythematosus
  • pregnancy