Wednesday 16 July 2003
Definition: A disease is a particular abnormal condition, a disorder of a structure or function, that affects part or all of an organism .
The causal study of disease is called pathology. Disease is often construed as a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and signs.
A disease differs from a syndrome , which is a collection of signs or symptoms that occur together. However, for historical reasons, many conditions have been identified, yet continue to be referred to as "syndromes". Furthermore, numerous conditions of unknown etiology are referred to as "diseases" in many contexts.
- Group of diseases according to etiology
- Group of diseases according to localization
- Group of diseases according to age
- Group of diseases according to the lesional pattern
- Group of diseases according to the physiopathological pathway
- Group of diseases according to the molecular pathway
- Group of diseases according to the clinical semiology
localized diseases (diseases of a structure)
- diseases of systems
- diseases of organs
- diseases of tissues (tissular pathology )
- diseases of cells (cellular pathology )
- diseases of cellular organelles (cellular pathology )
- diseases of molecules (molecular pathology )
Wright A, Charlesworth B, Rudan I, Carothers A, Campbell H. A polygenic basis for late-onset disease. Trends Genet. 2003 Feb;19(2):97-106. PMID: 12547519
Reich DE, Lander ES. On the allelic spectrum of human disease. Trends Genet. 2001 Sep;17(9):502-10. PMID: 11525833