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stomach - Humpath.com - Human pathology

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stomach

Monday 10 January 2005

Pathology : gastric pathology

- gastric developmental anomalies

  • gastric malformations

- gastric anomalies
- gastric lesional syndromes
- gastric diseases
- gastric tumors

Examples

- Non-neoplastic anomalies

  • achalasia of cardia
  • arteriovenous malformation
  • diaphragmatic hernia
  • gastric dilation gastric gland heterotopia heterotopic pancreas/pancreatic metaplasia mucolipidosis pyloric stenosis-congenital -acquired

Gastritis: features to report acute allergic autoimmune carditis Crohn disease chronic chronic atrophic collagenous erosive granulomatous graft versus host disease ischemic lymphocytic malakoplakia pseudomembranous reactive (chemical) gastropathy suppurative ulcerative colitis

Infections: anthrax Candida CMV Cryptosporidium EBV giardia Helicobacter heilmannii Helicobacter pylori herpes simplex histoplasmosis measles mycobacterium avium-intracellulare syphilis toxoplasmosis tuberculosis

Ulcers: peptic ulcer disease acute gastric ulcer chronic peptic ulcer

Other non-neoplastic lesions: amyloid aneurysms antral vascular ectasia bezoars calcinosis chloral hydrate colchicine toxicity cyanide cysts diverticula duplication iron kayexelate proton pump inhibitors xanthoma

Polyps: adenoma Cowden Cronkhite-Canada familial colonic polyposis foveolar hyperplasia fundic gland gastritis cystica polyposa hyperplastic inflammatory fibroid juvenile mixed Peutz-Jeghers

Hypertrophic gastropathy: enlarged mucosal folds hypertrophic hypersecretory gastropathy Menetrier disease Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

Dysplasia: dysplasia

Neuroendocrine tumors: classification NET G1/carcinoid large cell neuroendocrine small cell

Carcinoma / adenocarcinoma: general WHO classification intestinal diffuse intramucosal GE junction adenosquamous amphicrine hepatoid lymphoepithelioma-like oncocytic Paneth cell rhabdoid sarcomatoid squamous cell

Lymphoma: general lymphoid hyperplasia anaplastic large cell diffuse large B cell Hodgkin MALT mantle cell T cell

Stromal / other tumors: adenosarcoma alveolar soft part sarcoma choriocarcinoma elastofibroma follicular dendritic cell sarcoma GANT GIST glomus granular cell Langerhans cell histiocytosis leiomyoma lipoma malignant fibrous histiocytoma metastases to stomach plexiform fibromyxoma schwannoma synovial sarcoma teratoma

Videos

- Histology of gastro-esophageal junction (by Washington Deceit)

- Histology of gastric fundus (by Washington Deceit)

References

- Owen DA. Normal histology of the stomach. Am J Surg Pathol. 1986 Jan;10(1):48-61. PMID: 2869706

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