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amino acids

Friday 11 July 2003

Definition: Molecular subunits composing proteins. It is a class of 20 molecules that are combined to form proteins in living things. The sequence of amino acids in a protein and hence protein function are determined by the genetic code.

Amino acids contain a basic amino (NH2) group, an acidic carboxyl (COOH) group and a side chain (R - of a number of different kinds) attached to an alpha carbon atom.

See also

- amino acid metabolism

Links

- aminoacids metabolism at Wayne

References

- Lobanov AV, Kryukov GV, Hatfield DL, Gladyshev VN. Is there a twenty third amino acid in the genetic code? Trends Genet. 2006 Jul;22(7):357-60. PMID: 16713651