Home > F. Pathology by regions > Limbs > fetal hand anomalies

fetal hand anomalies

Tuesday 31 August 2004

Classification

- abnormal hand position

  • clenched hand
  • camptodactyly
  • clinodactyly
  • club hand
  • phocomelia

- abnormal size

  • macrodactyly

- hand agenesis
- abnormal finger number

  • hand polydactyly
  • hand ectrodactyly
  • hand syndactyly
  • hand oligodactyly
  • split hand (ectrodactyly)

- thumb anomalies

- digital constriction bands (amniotic band sequence)

Etiology

- isolated hand anomalies
- associated hand anomalies (syndromal hand anomalies)

Associations

- IUGR (intrauterine growth retardation)
- shortening of long bones
- small thorax (narrow thorax)
- craniostenosis

See also

- hand deformations
- hand malformations

Portfolio

  • Post-axial polydactyly
  • Pre-axial polydactyly
  • Clinodactyly and single transverse palmar crease in trisomy (...)