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pulmonary infections

Monday 15 March 2004

lesional patterns

- airway lesions

  • bronchitis
  • bronchiolitis
  • bronchiectasis

- acute exsudative pneumonia

  • purulent pneumonia (neutrophilic pneumonia)
    • lobular pneumonia (acute bronchopneumonia)
    • confluent pneumonia (acute lobar pneumonia)
    • pneumonia with granules
  • eosinophilic pneumonia
  • pneumonia with foamy alveolar cast
  • acute diffuse alveolar damage
  • acute localized alveolar damage

- chronic pneumonia

  • fibroinflammatory pneumonia
  • organized alveolar damage
    • organizing localized alveolar damage
    • organizing diffuse alveolar damage

- interstitial pneumonia

  • perivascular lymphoid pneumonia
  • eosinophilic pneumonia
  • granulomatous pneumonia

- pulmonary nodules

  • large pulmonary nodules
    • necrotizing pulmonary nodules
    • granulomatous pulmonary nodules
    • fibrocaseous pulmonary nodules
    • calcified pulmonary nodules
  • miliary
    • necrotizing miliary
    • granulomatous miliary

- pulmonary cavities
- pulmonary cysts
- intravascular infectious agents
- pulmonary infarcts
- minimal pulmonary reaction

Etiology

- pulmonary viral infections
- pulmonary bacterial infections
- pulmonary fungal infections

  • histoplasmosis (Histoplasma capsulatum)
  • cryptococcosis (Cryptococcus neoformans)
  • blastomycosis (Blastomyces dermatidis)
  • coccidioidomycosis (Coccidioides immitis)
  • paracoccidioidomycosis (Paracoccidioides brasiliensis)
  • aspergillosis (Aspergillus fumigatus, A. flavus, A. niger)
  • mucormycosis (zygomycosis, Rhizopus)
  • candidiasis (Candida)
  • sporotrichosis (Sporothrix schenckii)
  • torulopsosis (Torulopsis glabrata)
  • fusariosis (Fusarium)
  • pseudoallescheriasis (Pseudoallescheria boydii)
  • adiaspiromycosis (Chrysosporium parvum var crescens)
  • malasseziasis (Malassezia furfur)
  • scedosporiosis (Scedosporium apiospermum)

- pulmonary parasitic infections

See also

- Infections (infectious diseases)