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vaginal yolk sac tumor

Monday 8 March 2004

Yolk sac tumor of the vagina is a rare entity and seen almost exclusively in children less than 3 years of age.The presenting feature is usually frank bleeding per vaginum or blood stained vaginal discharge.

Occasionally the child may develop urinary retention due to the tumor mechanically compressing the urethra. In more advanced cases, a mass may be seen protruding through the vaginal orifice.

Differentyial diagnosis

- clear cell carcinoma of the vagina

See also

- yolk sac tumor

References

- Terenziani M, Spreafico F, Collini P, Meazza C, Massimino M, Piva L. Endodermal sinus tumor of the vagina. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2007 May;48(5):577-8. PMID: #16200632#

- Arora M, Shrivastav RK, Jaiprakash MP. A rare germ-cell tumor site: vaginal endodermal sinus tumor. Pediatr Surg Int. 2002 Sep;18(5-6):521-3. PMID: #12415399#

- Lopes LF, Chazan R, Sredni ST, de Camargo B. Endodermal sinus tumor of the vagina in children. Med Pediatr Oncol. 1999 May;32(5):377-81. PMID: #10219341#

- Chen SJ, Li YW, Tsai WY. Endodermal sinus (yolk sac) tumor of vagina and cervix in an infant. Pediatr Radiol. 1993;23(1):57-8. PMID: #8469595#

- Boscaino A, Terracciano LM, Sapere P, De Rosa G. Yolk sac tumour of the vagina with hepatoid differentiation. Eur J Cancer. 1991;27(4):516-8. PMID: #1827733#

- Leverger G, Flamant F, Gerbaulet A, Lemerle J. [Tumors of the vitelline sac located in the vagina in children. Apropos of 11 cases]
Arch Fr Pediatr. 1983 Feb;40(2):85-9. French. PMID: #6683491#

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