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human physiology

Saturday 27 January 2018


Definition : Human physiology is the study of how the human body functions. This includes the mechanical, physical, bioelectrical, and biochemical functions of humans in good health, from organs to the cells of which they are composed.

The human body consists of many interacting systems of organs. These interact to maintain homeostasis , keeping the body in a stable state with safe levels of substances such as sugar and oxygen in the blood.

Each system contributes to homeostasis, of itself, other systems, and the entire body. Some combined systems are referred to by joint names.

For example, the nervous system and the endocrine system operate together as the neuroendocrine system. The nervous system receives information from the body, and transmits this to the brain via nerve impulses and neurotransmitters.

At the same time, the endocrine system releases hormones, such as to help regulate blood pressure and volume. Together, these systems regulate the internal environment of the body, maintaining blood flow, posture, energy supply, temperature, and acid balance (pH).

See also

- physiology

Paywall references

- Dissecting the Meanings of "Physiology" to Assess the Vitality of the Discipline. Lemoine M, Pradeu T. Physiology (Bethesda). 2018 Jul 1;33(4):236-245. doi : 10.1152/physiol.00015.2018 PMID: 29873600