superficial bladder carcinoma
Thursday 2 January 2014
superficial bladder cancer
Historically, the term ‘superficial bladder cancer’ has been used to describe tumors that have not invaded into muscularis propria.
This designation includes noninvasive papillary urothelial carcinoma (pTa), carcinoma in situ (CIS) (pTis), and tumor invading into the lamina propria (pT1).
It is now recommended that the term ‘superficial’ be entirely eliminated from bladder tumor nomenclature.
The 2002 revision of the American Joint Committee on Cancer/International Union Against Cancer/Union Internationale Contre le Cancer (AJCC/UICC) TNM system is the most widely used staging system at this time.