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chronic histiocytic intervillositis of unknown etiology

Saturday 12 October 2013

Chronic histiocytic intervillositis of unknown etiology (CIUE)

Definition: Chronic histiocytic intervillositis of unknown etiology (CIUE) is a rare placental lesion characterized by an intervillous mononuclear inflammatory infiltrate of maternal origin. Although the mechanism and origin of these lesions are currently not understood, they appear to be related to an immune conflict between mother and fetus cells.

CIUE is associated with an increase in Treg lymphocytes in the decidua basalis and the intervillous space. Contrary to previously published data on human miscarriage, this result appears to be specific to CIUE and would support the hypothesis of an immunopathological disorder for CIUE.

References

- Specific infiltration pattern of FOXP3+ regulatory T cells in chronic histiocytic intervillositis of unknown etiology. Capuani C, Meggetto F, Duga I, Danjoux M, March M, Parant O, Brousset P, Aziza J. Placenta. 2013 Feb;34(2):149-54. doi:10.1016/j.placenta.2012.12.004 . PMID: #23270880#