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BCR-ABL-T315I

Sunday 22 September 2013

T315I gatekeeper mutation in the Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase

Despite the remarkable success of imatinib against Bcr-Abl, development of secondary resistance, most often due to point mutations in the Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase (TK) domain, is quite common.

Of these, the T315I "gatekeeper" mutation is resistant to all currently registered Bcr-Abl TK inhibitors (TKIs) with the notable exception of ponatinib (Iclusig™), which was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Besides ponatinib, numerous strategies have been developed to circumvent this problem.

These include the protein synthesis inhibitor omacetaxine (Synribo®), and "switch-control" inhibitors.

Dual Bcr-Abl and aurora kinase inhibitors represent another promising strategy. Finally, several promising synergistic combinations, such as TKIs with histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs), warrant attention.

References

- Strategies to circumvent the T315I gatekeeper mutation in the Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase. Bose P, Park H, Al-Khafaji J, Grant S. Leuk Res Rep. 2013 Jan 1;2(1):18-20. PMID: 23977454