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phenotype

Sunday 23 November 2003

Definition: The phenotype is the appearance of an organism with respect to a particular character or group of characters (physical, biochemical, and physiologic). It is a result of the interaction of its genotype and its environment. This term is often used to define the consequences of a paticular mutation.

See also

- cellular phenotype
- phenotypic expression
- standardized phenotyping protocols

References

- Wong AH, Gottesman II, Petronis A. Phenotypic differences in genetically identical organisms: the epigenetic perspective. Hum Mol Genet. 2005 Apr 15;14 Spec No 1:R11-8. PMID: #15809262#

- Kell DB. Genotype-phenotype mapping: genes as computer programs. Trends Genet. 2002 Nov;18(11):555-9. PMID: #12414184#