Friday 21 November 2003
Crossovers (COs) are essential for meiosis and contribute to genome diversity by promoting the reassociation of alleles, and thus improve the efficiency of selection.
COs are not randomly distributed but are found at specific regions, or CO hotspots. Recent results have revealed the historical recombination rates and the distribution of hotspots across the human genome.
Surprisingly, CO hotspots are highly dynamic, as shown by differences in activity between individuals, populations and closely related species.
Homologous recombination is a dynamic process by which DNA sequences and strands are exchanged. In meiosis, the reciprocal DNA recombination events called crossovers are central to the generation of genetic diversity in gametes and are required for homolog segregation in most organisms.
Jeffreys AJ, Holloway JK, Kauppi L, May CA, Neumann R, Slingsby MT, Webb AJ. Meiotic recombination hot spots and human DNA diversity. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2004 Jan 29;359(1441):141-52. PMID: 15065666