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NF-kappaB signaling pathway

Thursday 20 November 2003

Nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB and inhibitor of NF-kappaB kinase (IKK) proteins regulate many physiological processes, including the innate- and adaptive-immune responses, cell death and inflammation.

Disruption of NF-kappaB or IKK function contributes to many human diseases, including cancer.

However, the NF-kappaB and IKK pathways do not exist in isolation and there are many mechanisms that integrate their activity with other cell-signalling networks. This crosstalk constitutes a decision-making process that determines the consequences of NF-kappaB and IKK activation and, ultimately, cell fate.

Pathology

- incontinentia pigmenti
- ectodermal dysplasias
- immune-deficiency syndromes

- PLEKHG5 mutations in distal spinal muscular atrophy type 4 (DSMA4) (MIM.611067) (#17564964#)

  • Wild-type PLEKHG5 activated the nuclear factor kappa B (NF kappa B) signaling pathway and that both the stability and the intracellular location of mutant PLEKHG5 protein were altered, severely impairing the NF kappa B transduction pathway. (#17564964#)
  • The nuclear factor kappaB-activator gene PLEKHG5 is mutated in autosomal recessive distal spinal muscular atrophy type 4 (DSMA4) (MIM.611067) at 1p36, a form of autosomal recessive lower motor neuron disease with childhood onset.
  • Loss of PLEKHG5 function and aggregate formation may contribute to neurotoxicity in this form of LMND.

Reviews

- Kawai T, Akira S. Signaling to NF-kappaB by Toll-like receptors. Trends Mol Med. 2007 Oct 26; PMID: #18029230#

- Perkins ND. Integrating cell-signalling pathways with NF-kappaB and IKK function. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2007 Jan;8(1):49-62. PMID: #17183360#

- Puel A, Picard C, Ku CL, Smahi A, Casanova JL. Inherited disorders of NF-kappaB-mediated immunity in man. Curr Opin Immunol. 2004 Feb;16(1):34-41. PMID: #14734108#

- Smahi A, Courtois G, Rabia SH, Doffinger R, Bodemer C, Munnich A, Casanova JL, Israel A. The NF-kappaB signalling pathway in human diseases: from incontinentia pigmenti to ectodermal dysplasias and immune-deficiency syndromes. Hum Mol Genet. 2002 Oct 1;11(20):2371-5. PMID: #12351572#

- Israel A. The IKK complex : an integrator of all signals that activate NF-kappaB ? Trends Cell Biol. 2000 Apr ;10(4):129-33. PMID : #10740266#

References

- Maystadt I, Rezsohazy R, Barkats M, Duque S, Vannuffel P, Remacle S, Lambert B, Najimi M, Sokal E, Munnich A, Viollet L, Verellen-Dumoulin C. The nuclear factor kappaB-activator gene PLEKHG5 is mutated in a form of autosomal recessive lower motor neuron disease with childhood onset. Am J Hum Genet. 2007 Jul;81(1):67-76. PMID: #17564964#