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testicular adrenal rest tumor

Friday 9 December 2011

Testicular adrenal rest tumors are frequently associated with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). These ACTH-dependent tumours cannot be easily distinguished histologically from Leydig cell tumors (Leydig cell adenoma).

Infertility observed in adult males with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) has been associated with testicular adrenal rest tumors (TART) that may originate during childhood. TART in prepubertal males with classic CAH could be found during childhood. (17895312)


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- Testicular adrenal rest tumors and Leydig and Sertoli cell function in boys with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Martinez-Aguayo A, Rocha A, Rojas N, García C, Parra R, Lagos M, Valdivia L, Poggi H, Cattani A; Chilean Collaborative Testicular Adrenal Rest Tumor Study Group. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Dec;92(12):4583-9. PMID: 17895312 (Free)

- Claahsen-van der Grinten HL, Otten BJ, Takahashi S, Meuleman EJ, Hulsbergen-van de Kaa C, Sweep FC, Hermus AR 2007 Testicular adrenal rest tumors in adult males with congenital adrenal hyperplasia: evaluation of pituitary-gonadal function before and after successful testis-sparing surgery in eight patients. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:612–615 (FREE)

- Johnson RE, Scheithauer B 1982 Massive hyperplasia of testicular adrenal rests in a patient with Nelson’s syndrome. Am J Clin Pathol 77:501–507

- Stikkelbroeck NM, Otten BJ, Pasic A, Jager GJ, Sweep CG, Noordam K, Hermus AR 2001 High prevalence of testicular adrenal rest tumors, impaired spermatogenesis, and Leydig cell failure in adolescent and adult males with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 86):5721–5728

- Rutgers JL, Young RH, Scully RE 1988 The testicular “tumor” of the adrenogenital syndrome. A report of six cases and review of the literature on testicular masses in patients with adrenocortical disorders. Am J Surg Pathol 12:503–513 (3291624)

- Avila NA, Premkumar A, Merke DP 1999 Testicular adrenal rest tissue in congenital adrenal hyperplasia: comparison of MR imaging and sonographic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol 172:1003–1006