46,XY pure gonadal dysgenesis
Saturday 9 October 2010
Definition : The 46,XY pure gonadal dysgenesis is more common than the 46,XX pure gonadal dysgenesis.
DHH germline mutations
- DHH-asssociated gonadal dysgenesis (MIM.233420)
Some patients have a 45,X/46,XY mosaicism and are close to mixed gonadal dysgenesis with 45,X/46,XY mosaicism.
One gene believed crucial for regulating the SRY gene is DAX located on the X chromosomal short arm. The gene is unusual in that only one copy, which is normal, is insufficient to negate the effects of the SRY gene.
A double dosage, i.e., the presence of two active copies in tandem, results in sex reversal from male to female. (It seems that the DAX locus is normally subject to X inactivation as patients with Klinefelter syndrome have two copies of the affected X chromosome locus.)
In one series of 14 XY females with pure gonadal dysgenesis, patients who had normal SRY had gonads composed of undifferentiated stroma in which were tubules or a rete structure suggesting some differentiation towards testis.
In those cases where there were mutations in SRY-orf (SRY-opening reading frames), no tubules were observed; the gonads were composed exclusively of ovarianlike stroma with sclerohyaline nodules in some areas. These data also suggested that SRY may play a role in rete testis formation.
- pure gonadal dysgenesis
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