Thursday 22 July 2010
Xeroderma pigmentosum variant (XPV) is a rare recessive autosomal genodermatosis predisposing to multiple early onset skin cancers, including melanoma.
Besides severe deficiencies in translesion synthesis which are major risks factors for skin carcinomas and melanomas, less deleterious POLH variants could act as low penetrance melanoma predisposing alleles.
XPV type of xeroderma pigmentosum is caused by mutations in the DNA polymerase eta gene (POLH) (MIM.603968).
Variants of the xeroderma pigmentosum variant gene (POLH) are associated with melanoma risk. Di Lucca J, Guedj M, Lacapère JJ, Fargnoli MC, Bourillon A, Dieudé P, Dupin N, Wolkenstein P, Aegerter P, Saiag P, Descamps V, Lebbe C, Basset-Seguin N, Peris K, Grandchamp B, Soufir N. Eur J Cancer. 2009 Dec;45(18):3228-36. PMID: 19477635