Wednesday 6 January 2010
Cysts derived from odontogenic epithelium are called odontogenic cysts; those that originate from other epithelial structures are known as non-odontogenic cysts.
Within the odontogenic cysts, one discerns between developmental and inflammatory. The inflammatory cysts are thought to arise from inflammation-induced epithelial proliferation with subsequent central liquefaction. The developmental cysts lack a clear-cut aetiology.
Unless stated specifically, all cysts are cured by simple enucleation and do not show any tendency to recur. From a practical view, the radicular cyst, the dentigerous cyst and the odontogenic keratocyst are the most important, as they have the highest incidence. All other cyst types are very rare.
mandibular odontogenic cysts
–* inflammatory odontogenic cysts
- radicular cyst
- residual cyst
- paradental cyst
–* developmental odontogenic cysts
- dentigerous cyst
- lateral periodontal cyst
- botryoid odontogenic cyst
- glandular odontogenic cyst
- odontogenic keratocyst (keratocystic odontogenic tumour)
- gingival cyst
- Stafne mandibular cyst
- traumatic mandibular cyst
- focal osteoporotic bone marrow defect
- mandibular aneurysmal bone cyst
- nasopalatine duct cyst
- nasolabial cyst
- surgical ciliated cyst
Lesions of the jaws. Slootweg PJ. Histopathology. 2009 Mar;54(4):401-18. Epub 2008 Jul 11. PMID: #18637149#