Tuesday 28 October 2003
Definition: Hereditary dermatosis characterized by atrophy, pigmentation, and telangiectasia and frequently accompanied by juvenile cataract, saddle nose, congenital bone defects, disturbances of hair growth, and hypogonadism.
In this disorder, affected individuals show growth deficiency, photosensitivity with poikilodermatous skin changes, cataracts, early greying and loss of hair, as well as some increase in cancer incidence. As with Werner syndrome, the cancer predispositon in RTS individuals is of a limited range, mainly osteogenic sarcomas.
congenital bone defects
disturbances of hair growth
poikilodermatous skin changes
loss of hair
increase in cancer incidence (cancer predispositon), mainly osteogenic osteosarcomas.
mutations in the RECQL4 gene (MIM.603780) on chromosome 8q24.3 coding for helicase recQ-like type 4
Rothmund-Thomson syndrome. Larizza L, Roversi G, Volpi L. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2010 Jan 29;5:2. PMID: 20113479