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Northern Asia

Friday 12 October 2007

- human colonization process of northern Asia
- human dispersals to the Americas

Mitochondrial haplogroups

  • haplogroups A, D2, G1, M7, and I
  • subhaplogroups I4, N1e, G1c, M7d, M7e, and J1b2a
  • haplogroups N1a and G1b by the first hypervariable segment (HVS1)

The southern Siberian mtDNA pool harbors several lineages associated with the Late Upper Paleolithic and/or early Neolithic dispersals from both eastern Asia and southwestern Asia/southern Caucasus. (17924343)

The phylogeography of the D2 lineages suggests that southern Siberia is likely to be a geographical source for the last postglacial maximum spread of this subhaplogroup to northern Siberia and that the expansion of the D2b branch occurred in Beringia 7,000 years ago. (17924343)

A detailed analysis of mtDNA gene pools of northern Asians provides the additional evidence to rule out the existence of a northern Asian route for the initial human colonization of Asia. (17924343)


- Derenko M, Malyarchuk B, Grzybowski T, Denisova G, Dambueva I, Perkova M, Dorzhu C, Luzina F, Lee HK, Vanecek T, Villems R, Zakharov I. Phylogeographic analysis of mitochondrial DNA in northern asian populations. Am J Hum Genet. 2007 Nov;81(5):1025-41. PMID: 17924343