Home > A. Molecular pathology > TRIO

TRIO

MIM.601893 5p15.1-p14

Tuesday 11 September 2007

Structure

The TRIO protein contains 3 functional domains: a serine/threonine kinase domain and 2 guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) domains for the family of Rho-like GTPases, specific for Rac1 (MIM.602048) and RhoA (MIM.165390). These functional domains suggest that this enzyme may play a key role in several signaling pathways that control cell proliferation.

Pathology

- Copy number gains and high-level amplifications of the short arm of chromosome 5 are frequently observed in soft tissue sarcomas.

- amplified and overexpressed in soft tissue sarcomas (#16752383#)

See also

- IRX2
- NKD2 (overexpressed in MPNSTs)

References

- Adamowicz M, Radlwimmer B, Rieker RJ, Mertens D, Schwarzbach M, Schraml P, Benner A, Lichter P, Mechtersheimer G, Joos S. Frequent amplifications and abundant expression of TRIO, NKD2, and IRX2 in soft tissue sarcomas. Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2006 PMID: #16752383#