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bronchogenic cysts

Wednesday 15 October 2003

Digital cases

- Case 229 : Mediastinal bronchogenic cyst

Definition: Bronchogenic cysts are rare congenital malformations of ventral foregut development. They are usually located in the mediastinum and intrapulmonary regions.

They occur as a result of a developmental fault during the division and budding of the tracheobronchial tree in the embryonic period. Approximately 50% of all congenital lung malformations are pulmonary and mediastinal bronchogenic cysts (BC).

Synopsis

- multiloculated cyst
- cystic wall composed of smooth muscle, respiratory epithelium, cartilage, and submucous glands

Localization

- mediastinal bronchogenic cyst
- intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst (12076928, 10874986)
- paraesophageal bronchogenic cyst
- cervical bronchogenic cyst (16698709, 14992942)
- retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst (11577133)
- esophageal bronchogenic cyst (16919550)
- gastric bronchogenic cyst (15735178)
- lingual bronchogenic cyst (16840904)

- infradiaphragmatic bronchogenic cyst (3402977)

  • possible communication with the stomach via a fistulous tract (3402977)
  • blood supply from a branch of the abdominal aorta (3402977)

- intradural bronchogenic cysts (1452780)

See also

- pulmonary malformations
- mediastinal cysts
- foregut duplication cysts
- bronchopulmonary foregut malformation complex

Portfolio

  • Intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst
  • Intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst
  • Bronchogenic cyst