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bronchogenic cysts

Wednesday 15 October 2003

Digital cases

- Case 229 : Mediastinal bronchogenic cyst

Definition: Bronchogenic cysts are rare congenital malformations of ventral foregut development. They are usually located in the mediastinum and intrapulmonary regions.

They occur as a result of a developmental fault during the division and budding of the tracheobronchial tree in the embryonic period. Approximately 50% of all congenital lung malformations are pulmonary and mediastinal bronchogenic cysts (BC).

Synopsis

- multiloculated cyst
- cystic wall composed of smooth muscle, respiratory epithelium, cartilage, and submucous glands

Localization

- mediastinal bronchogenic cyst
- intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst (#12076928#, #10874986#)
- paraesophageal bronchogenic cyst
- cervical bronchogenic cyst (#16698709#, #14992942#)
- retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst (#11577133#)
- esophageal bronchogenic cyst (#16919550#)
- gastric bronchogenic cyst (#15735178#)
- lingual bronchogenic cyst (#16840904#)

- infradiaphragmatic bronchogenic cyst (#3402977#)

  • possible communication with the stomach via a fistulous tract (#3402977#)
  • blood supply from a branch of the abdominal aorta (#3402977#)

- intradural bronchogenic cysts (#1452780#)

See also

- pulmonary malformations
- mediastinal cysts
- foregut duplication cysts
- bronchopulmonary foregut malformation complex

Portfolio

  • Intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst
  • Intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst
  • Bronchogenic cyst