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peritoneal mesothelial inclusion cyst

Monday 9 July 2007

Multiloculated peritoneal inclusion cysts or benign cystic mesotheliomas are most commonly found in women of reproductive years; the disease involves the abdomen, pelvis and retroperitoneum.

The pathogenesis of BMPM is unclear and a controversy regarding its neoplastic and reactive nature exists.

The biological behavior of BMPM is characterized by its slowly progressive process and high rate of recurrence after surgical resection. In addition this lesion does not present a strong tendency to transform into malignancy.


- multiple cysts lined by cuboidal cells of mesothelial type
- no papillary formations
- mixed inflammatory infiltrate

Sporadic associations

- familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) (14727459)


- peritoneal cavity
- tunica vaginalis (10468779)
- greater omentum (3602466)
- female genital tract (6824025)


- in children (7528798. 1734224, 3174512)

See also

- mesothelial inclusion cysts

  • peritoneal cysts
    • Cysts


- Safioleas MC, Constantinos K, Michael S, Konstantinos G, Constantinos S, Alkiviadis K. Benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma: a case report and review of the literature. World J Gastroenterol. 2006 Sep 21;12(35):5739-42. PMID: 17007034

- Katsube Y, Mukai K, Silverberg SG. Cystic mesothelioma of the peritoneum: a report of five cases and review of the literature. Cancer. 1982 Oct 15;50(8):1615-22. PMID: 7116294

- Moore JH Jr, Crum CP, Chandler JG, Feldman PS. Benign cystic mesothelioma. Cancer. 1980 May 1;45(9):2395-9. PMID: 7379036