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ovarian endometriosis

Friday 6 July 2007

ovarian endometriosis (endometrioma of the ovary)

Synopsis

- Endometriosis, or endometrioma, of the ovary may cause an adnexal mass in reproductive age females.
- Pigmented foci on an otherwise normal ovary or a large solitary hemor-rhagic cyst are the gross findings.

Microscopy

- Histologic findings include columnar-to-plump cuboidal epithelium with condensed sub-epithelial stroma, hemosiderin-laden macrophages, fibrosis, and inflammation.
- Rare cases may also contain smooth muscle.
- Patients with uterine anomalies may develop severe endometriosis.

Variants

- ovarian endometriotic cyst (ovarian "endometrioma")

See also

- endometriosis

Portfolio

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