Friday 6 July 2007
ovarian endometriosis (endometrioma of the ovary)
Endometriosis, or endometrioma, of the ovary may cause an adnexal mass in reproductive age females.
Pigmented foci on an otherwise normal ovary or a large solitary hemor-rhagic cyst are the gross ﬁndings.
Histologic ﬁndings include columnar-to-plump cuboidal epithelium with condensed sub-epithelial stroma, hemosiderin-laden macrophages, ﬁbrosis, and inﬂammation.
Rare cases may also contain smooth muscle.
Patients with uterine anomalies may develop severe endometriosis.
ovarian endometriotic cyst (ovarian "endometrioma")