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bilateral renal agenesis and phocomelia

Friday 23 March 2007

Synopsis

- fetal bilateral renal agenesis (14745934)
- upper limb reduction defect (14745934)
- single umbilical artery (14745934)

Hypothesis

- vascular disruption syndromes

References

- Kashiwagi M, Chaoui R, Stallmach T, Hurlimann S, Lauper U, Hebisch G. Fetal bilateral renal agenesis, phocomelia, and single umbilical artery associated with cocaine abuse in early pregnancy. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2003 Nov;67(11):951-2. PMID: 14745934