- Human pathology

Home > D. General pathology > Genetic and developmental anomalies > Malformative associations > bilateral renal agenesis and phocomelia

bilateral renal agenesis and phocomelia

Friday 23 March 2007


- fetal bilateral renal agenesis (14745934)
- upper limb reduction defect (14745934)
- single umbilical artery (14745934)


- vascular disruption syndromes


- Kashiwagi M, Chaoui R, Stallmach T, Hurlimann S, Lauper U, Hebisch G. Fetal bilateral renal agenesis, phocomelia, and single umbilical artery associated with cocaine abuse in early pregnancy. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2003 Nov;67(11):951-2. PMID: 14745934